Types of Termites


Termites are different from ants (See above, ants on the left, termites on the right).

Florida is relatively rich in termite species diversity compared to the rest of mainland U.S. Twenty-one termite species were recorded in Florida and among them at least six established were invasive species (more than any other states), mostly due to the sub-tropical climate of Florida and high human activity.

Among all termite species present in Florida, only a handful of species are actually considered pests. Such termites were categorized in different types of termites, according to their lifestyle and habitat.

Subterranean termites


‌‌Types of termites- eastern subterranean

Eastern subterranean termites (Reticulitermes spp.)

‌‌Types of termites- cuban subterranean

Cuban subterranean termite (Prorhinotermes simplex)


‌‌Types of termites- formosan subterranean

Formosan subterranean termites (Coptotermes formosanus) 

 ‌‌Types of termites- asian subterranean

Asian subterranean termites (Coptotermes gestroi) 

‌‌Types of termites- west indian subterranean

West Indian subterranean termites (Heterotermes caribeus) 

‌Drywood termites


‌‌Types of termites- Florida drywood

Florida drywood termite (Cryptotermes cavifrons) 

‌‌Types of termites- incisitermes snyderi

Drywood termite (Incisitermes snyderi)


 ‌‌Types of termites- west indian drywood

West Indian drywood termite (Crytotermes brevis) 

 ‌‌Types of termites- western drywood

Western drywood termite (Incisitermes minor) 

Dampwood termites


 ‌‌Types of termites- Florida dampwood

Florida Dampwood termites (Neotermes spp.) 


Higher termites


‌‌Types of termites- Florida dark-winged subterranean

Florida dark-winged subterranean termite (Amitermes floridensis) 

‌‌Types of termites- cone-headed

Cone-headed termites or, tree termite (Nasutitermes corniger)


Termite distinction

‌‌Types of termites- formosanus and gestroi

(A Coptotermes formosanus, B Coptotermes gestroi)

Some termite species are difficult to differentiate. Sometimes, a small difference separates them.

"Hybrid" termites

In 2013-2015, it was observed that the Asian subterranean termite and the Formosan subterranean termite had simultaneous dispersal flights (see original report), and were able to mate in the field. It was confirmed in laboratory settings that the mating resulted in vigorous hybrid colonies. The establishment of hybrid colonies in the field has yet to be confirmed.

Complete list of termite species recorded in Florida
Amitermes floridensis Calcaritermes nearcticus Coptotermes formosanus
Coptotermes gestroi Cryptotermes brevis Cryptotermes cavifrons
Heterotermes caribeus Incisitermes milleri Incisitermes minor
Incisitermes schwarzi Incisitermes snyderi Kalotermes approximatus
Nasutitermes corniger Neotermes castaneus Neotermes jouteli
Neotermes luykxi Prorhinotermes simplex Reticulitermes flavipes
Reticulitermes hageni Reticulitermes nelsonae Reticulitermes virginicus