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Fort Lauderdale Research and Education Center

Fort Lauderdale Research and Education Center

Types of Termites

Types of termites- banner

Termites are different from ants (See above, ants on the left, termites on the right).

Florida is relatively rich in termite species diversity compared to the rest of mainland U.S. Twenty-one termite species were recorded in Florida and among them at least six established were invasive species (more than any other states), mostly due to the sub-tropical climate of Florida and high human activity.

Among all termite species present in Florida, only a handful of species are actually considered pests. Such termites were categorized in different types of termites, according to their lifestyle and habitat.

  • Subterranean Termites
  • Drywood Termites
  • Dampwood Termites
  • Higher Termites

Types of termites- formosanus and gestroi

(A Coptotermes formosanus, B Coptotermes gestroi)

Some termite species are difficult to differentiate. Sometimes, a small difference separates them.

"Hybrid" termites

In 2013-2015, it was observed that the Asian subterranean termite and the Formosan subterranean termite had simultaneous dispersal flights (see original report), and were able to mate in the field. It was confirmed in laboratory settings that the mating resulted in vigorous hybrid colonies. The establishment of hybrid colonies in the field has yet to be confirmed.